All other extra-cranial embolizations including nasopharyngeal embolization for refractory epistaxis

Embolization may be applied to diseases inside or outside the skull to arrest growth of an abnormality or control bleeding. Embolization of diseases in parts of the body other than the brain is termed extracranial. Some examples of such treatment include bronchial artery embolization for hemoptysis; mesenteric artery embolization for gastrointestinal hemorrhage; splenic or internal iliac artery embolization for traumatic splenic and pelvic injuries, respectively; embolization of the internal maxillary artery for epistaxis; embolization of various benign or malignant tumors to control their growth or destroy them.